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Hiking Boots: Choosing and Caring for the Most Important Piece of Hiking Equipment

A seven-part series describing how to choose the right pair of hiking boots, what to expect from them, how to care for them, and how to know when it's time for a new pair.

Hiking Boots Series Part II:  Types of Hiking Boots and Hiking Shoes Part III:  Hiking Boots:  Parts and Construction Part IV:  Hiking Boot Accessories (socks, insoles, laces, crampons, etc.) Part V:  High-Quality Inexpensive Hiking Boots:  How to Choose and Where to Find Them Part VI:  Backpacking Boots:  How to Choose and Where to Find Them Part VII:  Cleaning, Care, and Maintenance of your Hiking Boots Navigation, Hiking Boots Series
[ Hiking Boots Series ] [ Types ]
[ Parts and Construction ] [ Accessories ]
[ Shopping for Day-Hiking Boots ]
[ Shopping for Backpacking Boots ] [ Maintenance ]

Part I: Hiking Boots: An Introduction and Overview

There are as many kinds of hiking boots as there are hikers. The specific things to consider when choosing your hiking boots will depend very much on the kinds of hiking you are planning to do. In this series, I will classify hiking boots (or hiking footwear) into four main types, and I will classify hiking into four corresponding types.

The four types of hiking boots that we will discuss are:

  1. Hiking shoes and sandals. These are for very short walks in the outdoors, for knocking around in camp, and for use during easy interludes in an otherwise serious hike.
  2. Day-hiking boots. These are for moderate hiking, such as day hikes, short hikes in very rough country, etc.
  3. Backpacking boots. These are for more serious hiking, like multi-day backpacking expeditions.
  4. Mountaineering boots. These are for the most serious hiking, mountain climbing, and ice climbing.

There is some overlap, of course, and a good deal of mixing.

Most people who use anything beyond hiking shoes also use something in one of the lower categories. For instance, when I go camping, I bring both my day-hiking boots for the all-day hikes and my hiking shoes for the less-serious treks with the grandchildren. As another example, I often see ice climbers arriving at Arethusa Falls wearing day-hiking boots, then switching to mountaineering boots for the actual climb.

For the most part, it will be okay to buy a more serious hiking boot than you need. One exception is that if you really don't need mountaineering boots, you would probably find them uncomfortably heavy on a little day hike. Don't go too far upscale. Even the additional cost of buying "more boot than you need" might actually work out to be a savings, but we'll leave the economic considerations for later.

We will discuss these types of hiking boots in more detail in later parts of this series. For now, let's talk about the general concerns and considerations that go into choosing a pair of hiking boots.

Keep in mind that the purpose of footwear is to protect your feet. This amounts to four specific purposes:

  1. Warmth, in season
  2. Protection from rough surfaces and sharp objects
  3. Traction
  4. Keeping your feet dry

That's about it.

I believe that most of what you read about "support" is overblown. If you give your feet and ankles a lot of "support," the natural support system becomes weak from underutilization. Unless you have some particular weakness in your ankles, whether innate or from an injury, you don't necessarily need ankle support. Let the muscles and ligaments of your feet and ankles do what they were designed to do, and you will have all the "support" you need.

On the other hand, you do need arch support. Why? Because your feet were designed to walk on a natural, yielding surface that conforms itself to the shape of your feet. When you strap a stiff, unyielding shoe sole to the bottom of your foot, your arches are unduly stressed. You need the bottom of the boot to conform to the shape of the bottom of your foot, and to stay that way as you walk. That's arch support.

What about men's versus women's hiking boots? The only real difference is in proportions. For a given length of foot, a woman's foot is generally narrower than a man's and has higher arches. Women's hiking boots are designed accordingly. If you're a man with narrow feet and/or high arches, don't be afraid to look at "women's" hiking boots, or if you're a woman with low arches and/or wide feet, the hiking cops won't give you a ticket for wearing "men's" hiking boots. Get the hiking boots that fit your feet.

Look for good traction, reasonable wearing properties, water resistance, and warmth in cold weather. Look for a good fit so they won't slide and cause blisters.

Don't forget socks. You'll need warm socks, more than one pair in winter, so make sure your hiking boots allow room for them. As we will discuss in later parts of this series, you absolutely must think of your socks first, so that you can fit your boots with the socks on.

Look for good quality, and expect to pay for it. If you're looking for fashion and the latest trends, you'll pay a premium for that, too. What I look for is usually last year's good quality, so I get the quality I want without paying for the style that I don't care about.

Here's a quick guideline to set your expectations about the costs: Expect to pay much more for your hiking boots than for your backpack. The appropriate boots for a given type of hiking will probably cost 1.5 to two times as much as the appropriate backpack. If you are planning to do only one-day hikes with a forty-dollar daypack, you will be well served to look at sixty-dollar day-hiking boots. But if you're planning to through-hike the Appalachian Trail, you'll want at least a hundred-dollar expedition backpack and you should be looking seriously at paying $150 or more for your hiking boots.

There are complex engineering trade-offs in hiking boots. Light weight is good. Sturdy is good. Long wearing properties are good. Traction and gripping power is good. Inexpensive is good. But sturdy boots are heavy. Hiking boots with good traction wear quickly. And of those four properties - light weight, sturdiness, long wearing, and good traction - only light weight comes cheaply. The rest is a trade-off among the other qualities.

In the other six parts of this series, we will go into more detail about the four types of hiking boots, how they are constructed, the accessories that go with your hiking boots (socks, laces, crampons), how to choose and where to buy good-quality inexpensive hiking boots for medium- and heavy-duty hiking, and how to care for your hiking boots.

Search for
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For some of this month's best-selling hiking boots, with reviews based on real-world experience, visit OutdoorEquipmentReport's Hiking Boots page.


Other Articles in this Series

Read more about how to choose the right pair of hiking boots, what to expect from them, how to care for them, and how to know when it's time for a new pair.

Other parts of this series:

  1. Part I: Hiking Boots: An Introduction and Overview (This page)
  2. Part II: Types of Hiking Boots and Hiking Shoes
  3. Part III: Hiking Boots: Parts and Construction
  4. Part IV: Hiking Boot Accessories (socks, insoles, laces, crampons, etc.)
  5. Part V: High-Quality Inexpensive Hiking Boots: How to Choose and Where to Find Them
  6. Part VI: Backpacking Boots: How to Choose and Where to Find Them
  7. Part VII: Cleaning, Care, and Maintenance of your Hiking Boots
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